Hydrogen technology is unlikely to play a major role in sustainable road transport – Nature.com

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Nature Electronics volume 5pages 8–10 (2022)
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Technical and economic developments in battery and fast-charging technologies could soon make fuel cell electric vehicles, which run on hydrogen, superfluous in road transport.
Road transport remains dominated by fossil fuels. Transport is responsible for about one-quarter of all energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and about 72% of this is due to road transport1. However, the emissions budgets implied by the Paris Agreement mean that transport should be climate neutral — that is, it should have net zero greenhouse gas emissions — within just a few decades2,3,4. Urgent action is thus needed, and stock turnover in road transport is slow2.
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This research was prepared as part of the projects eWayBW (grant number 16EM3167-1) and BOLD (grant number 16EM4011-1), funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. I further acknowledge funding by the European Union’s HORIZON 2020 projects PARIS REINFORCE (grant number 820846) and STORM (grant number 101006700). Discussions with D. Speth and M. Wietschel, among others, are gratefully acknowledged.
Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany
Patrick Plötz
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Correspondence to Patrick Plötz.
The author declares no competing interests.
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Plötz, P. Hydrogen technology is unlikely to play a major role in sustainable road transport. Nat Electron 5, 8–10 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-021-00706-6
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